Emmanuel College (Indian Boys Industrial School)
Emmanuel College (Indian Boys Industrial School) was founded at Prince Albert in 1879 by the Anglican Church of Canada under Rev. John McLean (first Bishop of Saskatchewan district) as a “training College for Native Helpers.” Though the school began with a general education curriculum, by 1886 it was entirely devoted to training teachers for Indian schools. “Rev. John Mackay was one of the original staff members and taught Cree grammar and composition.” Mackay was of mixed blood from Mistassini, Quebec. As the son and grandson of Hudson’s Bay Company employees, he did not want a job in fur trade, and chose mission work instead. His ordination was part of a mid-19th century attempt to create Indigenous native clergy in Rupert’s Land.