Emmanuel College (Indian Boys Industrial School)
Prince Albert

Emmanuel College (Indian Boys Industrial School) was founded at Prince Albert in 1879 by the Anglican Church of Canada under Rev. John McLean (first Bishop of Saskatchewan district) as a “training College for Native Helpers.” Though the school began with a general education curriculum, by 1886 it was entirely devoted to training teachers for Indian schools. “Rev. John Mackay was one of the original staff members and taught Cree grammar and composition.” Mackay was of mixed blood from Mistassini, Quebec. As the son and grandson of Hudson’s Bay Company employees, he did not want a job in fur trade, and chose mission work instead. His ordination was part of a mid-19th century attempt to create Indigenous native clergy in Rupert’s Land.

Rev. Edward Ahenakew
Rt. Rev. John McLean, 1874-86, The General Synod Archives, Anglican Church of Canada/P7565-30
Archdeacon John Mackay, ca. 1917, General Synod Archives, Anglican Church of Canada/ P2003-08-1
Buildings at Emmanuel College taken before 1905/S-B2850
Emmanuel College, Prince Albert, NWT/ Sask-history-online
Prince Albert’s first residential school was the Anglican Emmanuel College, which operated from 1879 to 1908. (Photo from Project Canterbury http://anglicanhistory.org/canada/sk/twenty/photos.html )
Buildings that make up the Emmanuel College in Prince Albert, ca. 189?, U of S Libraries/ MSS-C555
Click image to view a a write up on the history around Emmanuel College’s cemetery.